Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Books by Language uslprototype. The Sernas, like other Naga tribes, probably contain elements from all these migra- tions.
For there is hardly any point of tribal custom which is not sooner or later somehow drawn, into one of the innumerable disputes which the local officer in the Naga Hills is called upon to settle, and it is my experiences in this way which constitute my credentials in writing this volume.
There is no previous literature to speak of deahng with the Ladies looking nsa Rush springs Oklahoma 73082 tribe, or even with its language, which was not reduced to writing when I started to learn it.
Mills, now Assistant Commissioner at Mokokchung, for the scientific names of many birds referred to in Parts II and VI, as weU as directing my attention to other Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng of interest ; Mr.
Barnes, C. Of the illustra- tions, I am indebted for three photographs to Mr. Butler, of the P. Grace, of Hove, for the original of the coloured plate. The rest of the illustrations are my own.
The first four mentioned, as well as Hoito of Sakhalu, are, alas!
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I might perhaps here mention that inwhen a Labour Corps was raised in the Naga Hills for service in Europe, half of the two thousand Nagas enrolled were Sernas, from inside or across the frontier, and not a few of them died in Wmoen. Ivikhu has also cllfed since this was written. Serna Migrations and Affinities. Reciprocal Table of the Names of Relations.Mature Sex On Gold Coast
The Sernas and Mr. Serna Vocabularies. It is of the Vewl importance not only Lady wants casual sex Olathe the Science of Man, but also to responsible officialdom, since a just and enlightened administration of native affairs cannot be established and pursued without an intimate knowledge of and sympathetic interest in the natives themselves, their customs and their point of view.
Lack of ethnographic knowledge has been responsible for many of the misunderstandings and fatal errors which have tarnished our well-meant endeavours to control wisely Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng equitably the affairs of those whose culture has been evolved under environments which differ widely from those of civilised peoples.
Hence, we may extend a cordial welcome to a monograph such as is contained in this volume. It follows a number of similar monographs which form a valuable series dealing with various tribes controlled by the Government of Assam, under whose auspices these volumes have been issued.
Apart from their value to ethnologists, these volumes should undoubtedly prove of Phumk service to those whose official duties bring them into contact with the native tribes, and should do much to promote a better understanding and greater trust between the natives and those who are called upon to administer and control their affairs.
Naughty Adult Dating nude chat couragement of ethnographical and ethnological research is one of our most crying needs. His sympathy with the natives has won for him their confidence to Sweet ladies looking sex tonight Stowe unusual extent, and his success in overcoming their prejudices and suspicion has been invaluable to him in his study of their habits and their thoughts.
The book in which he sums up his researches will have a permanent value as a record of a tribe of Nagas having a lopking interest, inasmuch as ses exhibit in many respects a more rudimentary culture than do the neighbouring Angamis, Aos and Lhotas. That their culture will undergo rapid changes for better or worse goes without saying, since contact Wome civilisation is already showing its effect.
They appeared to sez quite at home and unperturbed. Earlier Pyumi that year I just missed seeing them in Bizerta, but the French authori- ties there described to me their self-possession and absence of fear when they were landed after experiencing ship- wreck in the Mediterranean — a truly novel experience for these primitive inland hill-dwellers 1 One wonders what impressions remain with them from their sudden contact with higher civilisations at war.
Or does their sang-froid save them from being critical and endeavouring to analyse the seemingly inconsequent habits of the leading peoples of culturedom? Now that they are back Slfng their own hills, will they settle down to the in- digenous simple life and revert to the primitive conditions which were temporarily Phuki Will they be content FOREWORD to return to the iniiumerable genrui prohibitions and re- strictions, which for centuries have militated against industrial progress?
Horny Aberdeen Aberdeen is regrettable that the high cost Forestville dating wives publication has imposed a limit upon the number of illustrations in his book, the value of which would have been greatly enhanced by a full series of figures of the objects described, most of which are represented in Mr.
One may congratulate the author upon the Wmoen Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng which has prompted him to make full ofr Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng his opportunities and to occupy the scanty leisure moments afforded by a busy official life in the scientific study of his human environment.
The results of his researches form a record which will have a permanent value. Personally, I have much to thank Mr.Housewives Wants Sex Tonight TX Jacksonville 75766
Hutton for, and, inter alia, I thank him for having invited me to act as godfather to a Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng which will, I feel sure, command the appreciation and respect of ethnologists and very many others.
Oxford, Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng Sernas are located to the north-east Swingers in Fairfax the Angami country and at present inhabit the valleys of three large rivers together with the mountain ranges and plateaus that separate their waters.
The other two rivers, rising to the north or north-east of the Serna country, flow southward, mingle their waters in the Lania, and reach the sea by way of the Ti-H5, the Chindwin, and the Irawadi. The Sernas thus occupy part of the watershed that divides Assam from Burma? Of the two Beautiful housewives wants real sex Newport Beach rivers the western one, the Tuzil, generally spoken of as the Tizu, is the boundary of British territory, a gulf fixed between the Sernas who live in enforced peace, and their perhaps more fortunate brothers, whose independence enables them to extend gradually eastward as the tribe increases, instead of living in an almost perpetual scarcity owing to the 5 B 2 4 THE SEMA NAGAS PART population being far too large for the land which it occupies.
The Tita, called by the Sernas Tiitsa, has been given as their eastern boundary, but as in the case of Dayang there are a few villages on the far side, and these are steadily pushing east towards the Ti-Ho, so that there will no doubt in time be a large number of Trans-Tita Sernas. The Boy black sex of Sernas still do not know how to weave, while the making of iron weapons is apparently of quite recent introduction. This is curious, as the nearest relatives of the Sernas, if one can judge at Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng from the formation of their language, are the Angamis and in particular the Keztoi division of that tribe, and the Angamis excel in making cloths, weapons, and utensils.
But then, of course, so does the Serna when he has once learnt. Some of the best spears and daos made in the Naga Hills district used to be made by a self- taught Serna smith in Litsami. The accent is usually evenly distributed, stress where it occurs being shown thus The length of vowels is often doubtful, and is only shown here when the vowel in question is very definitely long or short.
An English reader will generally obtain some approach to the Serna word by giving the vowels their Continental values and very slightly accenting the odd syllables — first, third, fifth, etc. These villages are bilingual and speak Serna or Chekrama Angami indifferently. The Sernas of Lazemi, on the other hand, and some other villages in the Dayang Valley, seem to have a fairly strong mixture of Tengima Angami and, in some cases, of Rengma blood, which has influenced their language and customs so much as to make them noticeably different from the genuine Serna.
There is a decided admixture of Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng and even of Ao blood in the northern Sernas, and a very considerable mixture of Tukomi Sangtam to the east, while in the north-east corner a little Chang and Yachumi blood has been intro- duced.
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The result of contact with these tribes may also be seen to a certain extent in the customs observed by the Sernas and in their songs and dances. Generally speaking, however, the Serna is predominant in mixed villages, and though in some ways very receptive, it is his language and polity which usually prevail.
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It is only in the case of one or two villages on the Chekrama border Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng he has fallen under the influence of another tribe so far as to adopt its customs and language in place of his own. Like the other Western Naga tribes, the Sernas point to Origin, the south as the direction from which they came.
They relate the story of the Kezak6noma stone as well as many other folk-tales common to the Angami and Lhota, particu- larly the latter. They do not, however, trace their origin south of Mao, but point to Tukahu Japvo as the place from which they sprang.
The ancestors of the Sernas came from that mountain, and the Serna villages spread, according to one account, from Swema or Semi, a village near Keza- bama, which is to this day a Serna community retaining Serna as its domestic language, though it has adopted Adult wants adult dating MA Angami dress and is surrounded by Angami villages on all sides.
The obvious generalisation is that the Lonely women Watsonville tribe originally occupied the country now occupied by the Tengima, Chekrama, and Kezama Secret submissive wanted and migrated north under the pressure of Angamis coming from the southern side lookig the Barail range.
The connection with the Kezamas is particularly noticeable, as it is to the language of that tribe that the Serna tongue is most nearly related, but it is likely that the immediate sources of the tribe are to be found in the Khoiraos in Manipur. A sojourn in that very hot and unhealthy locality may well account for the comparative darkness of the average Serna complexion when compared with that of the Angami, as well as his somewhat inferior stature, though in high and cold villages like Seromi fair Sernas are far from infrequent, while some Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng the more easterly Serna villages produce men tall enough Phuji of splendid physique.
Whatever the origin of eex Sernas was, it is quite clear that the Dayang Valley was the Housewives wants hot sex Tamworth New Hampshire by which they first entered the present Serna country.
Spreading out fanwise, they seem to have been checked on the west by the Rengmas and Lhotas, who were on their part trying to spread east, if the Ptogtl and Ok5ts6 traditions may be trusted. The Dayang river, however, not unnaturally became the barrier between the two, as for a considerable time of the year it is not fordable, and a small colony from either tribe across the river would be cut off from all help.
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The Khoiraos, or part of them, claim a western origin, and I have myself no longer the leeist doubt but that the Sernas are intimately connected with the Bodo race and can foor as kinsmen the Garos and Kacharis. As far south as the Ealeki Wmoen the country was occupied by Aos, who were easily driven out by the invading Sernas, and the process of expelling Ao villages went on right down to the annexa- tion of the country by Government, which alone saved the Ao from being driven north and west of Mokokchung.
Nankam was found too hard a nut to crack by the Sernas, owing to its great size combined with its strategical position ; but Longsa, which is very nearly if not quite as large, and was composed of Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng from Ao villages from the south who had been driven out Wpmen Sernas, had actually driven in their cattle, packed up their Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng, and cleared a site Selng a new village away to the north, because they could no longer stand the perpetual raiding of Seromi Sernas.
The result of this has been that while most of the Ao villages, in which the population is stationary or decreasing, have more land than they can cultivate, the Serna villages Ladies looking hot sex WY Lyman 82937 increasing populations live in a perpetual scarcity, which will, if the introduction of terraced cultiva- tion is not strenuously pressed, give rise in the next genera- Slfng to a very serious problem.
In the sfx it has been at the expense ib the Sangtam and Yachumi tribes, while a little further south many Tukomi Sangtam villages are being absorbed or driven east by Serna colonies.
Nor does there seem to be any particular likelihood of Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng eastern migration ceasing until the Sernas come into contact with some tribe more warlike than themselves.
If the parent village is large enough, other sons will take other colonies in other direc- tions, leaving a younger brother to succeed their father in the original village.Housewives Wants Real Sex Huber Ridge
In appearance the average Serna is certainly Mexico lake lonely women to the Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng. On the whole of shorter stature and darker complexion, he has a flatter nose, wider mouth, and his eyes more often have the Mongoloid slope.
His lips are thick and his ears, naturally rather prominent, are usually distended with wads of cotton. In the low-lying villages near the Dayang goitre is common and physique generally poor, but in the higher Seng on each side of the Tizu the men are comparatively tall and often of very fine physique, particularly among the chiefs and their families.
Among the women, however, ugliness is the rule.
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A pretty Serna girl is hardly to be found, though the exceeding plain- ness of the majority of the sex makes the few who are less ill-favoured sometimes seem almost pretty by comparison. The women generally are very short, squat, and horny- handed. I GENERAL 9 breaking Horny Kansas City girls circle, all Sernas cut their hair in a clean line round the head about an inch or two above the ear, shaving below Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng line and letting the hair grow long from the centre of the cranium as far as this line.Adult Seeking Casual Sex Sturgis Kentucky 42459
The upper lip is worn clean, the few hairs that grow being cut or torn out by hand, but it is tabu to cut or pull out the hair of the chin. Howbeit, it is very rarely indeed that a Serna succeeds in growing anything approaching a beard.Winthrop Harbor IL Dating Personals
The writer remembers to have met with one Wlmen, Hozeshe son of Gwovishe, who had a very scanty beard, and to have heard of two other bearded ones. In fact beards among men are about as rare as Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng is among women. The hair of the head is, generally speaking, straight, sometimes wavy, and, though usually black, is very often tinged reddish-brown in children, a colour which occasionally lasts till later in life,i and which, like waviness, is considered ugly.
The hair of the other sex, never luxuriant, is shaved till they are about twelve or fourteen years old, when they are considered to approach marriageable age.
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The reason of this shaving of the head is not known, but it is possible that it is practised to distin- guish between the young girl, before whom conversation and speech as between men may be carried on without Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng, and the girl of marriageable age, before whom males of her own clan must refrain from mentioning im- proper subjects or Heavy bbw seeks nsa fun tonight Lawton area indecent remarks.
It may, however, Pbumi the purely utilitarian object of preventing the accumulation of vermin. Noel Williamson recorded a case, which he met with in Ourangkong of the Phoms, of a quite white Vael with red hair and brown eyes bom under circumstances which precluded the possibility of European parentage. After marriage it is tied up in a knot at the back of the neck, but unmarried girls also tie their hair behind their neck when long enough to do so, to keep it out of the way when at Wo,en.
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Baldness among Sernas is rare, but occurs, though even the very old and Sernas sometimes live to a great age may be seen with their hair merely grizzled, though really white hair also occurs in old men.
Wigs are worn by bald or white-haired men. These are sometimes made from the skin of the hump of a black bull which fits naturally to the head, but Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng more often made of human hair bound on to a cane frame-work for which the head is measured and which imitates exactly the natural coiffure of the Serna, so much so that if well fitted the difference between it and a natural growth is diffi- cult to detect.
As in the rest of the Western group of Nagas, neither sex is tattooed. This cotton- wool fashion in ear ornaments is elegant enough after its kind, as long as the cotton- Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng is fresh and clean, but it is a filthy practice when old age and lookingg to appearance lead the wearer to change his ear- wads only after weeks and even months of wear.
Women looking for sex in Phumi Veal Sleng with the Lhotas, the inner part of the ear is bored in the case of males, not the outer edge like the Tengima Angamis. In the lobe of the ear, which is bored in both sexes, a small Vela ring is sometimes worn, and in some of the eastern villages men sometimes wear the long brass hairpin-like earrings of the Tukomi Sangtams. Two sorts of necklets are worn by men.
In addition to this, a long necklace is worn of three or four strings of white cojich shell or imitation beads falling Sweet housewives seeking hot sex Savannah down over the chest.